"Hybrid States of Biomolecules in the Strong Coupling Regime", a joint study by the international laboratories of Hybrid Photonic Nanomaterials (Prof. Yu. Rakovich) and Nano-Bioengineering (Prof. I. Nabiev), accepted by the Nanotechnologies in Russia

Strong coupling is known to result from reversible energy exchange between the excited state of atom-like exciton systems or molecules and electromagnetic field leading to the formation of hybrid light–matter states.

Obtaining the hybrid states with the use of biological molecules is of considerable interest in various fields, from microelectronics to medicine. For example, it has been shown that strong coupling resulting from hybridization of electron transitions and photonic modes allows controlling the rate and efficiency of chemical reactions, as well as substantially increasing the conductance of organic semiconductors and efficiency of nonradiative energy transfer. Apart from electron transitions, the strong coupling effect can be obtained at vibrational levels, which has promising implications for life sciences.

The review article considers the physical basis of strong light–matter coupling, its characteristics, the means of practical implementation of hybrid states, including those in biological systems, and the parameters affecting the formation of strong coupling. In addition, recent advances in obtaining strong coupling in biological structures are presented, and the problems entailed in obtaining hybrid states and prospects of their use are considered.

The Nanotechnologies in Russia is an English version of the Russian journal Rossiiskie Nanotekhnologii. The journal publishes the results of basic and applied researches in nanoscience in the form of research papers, including interdisciplinary ones, meeting the criteria of scientific excellence. It is included in the lists of the Russian State Commission for Academic Degrees and Titles for a wide range of research specialties. The journal ranks third in the 2015 SCIENCE INDEX list of Russian journals in the Physics category with top impact factors. The English version is published by Springer and is cited in the Scopus international database.

It is a special pleasure that this paper presents the first study performed in the International Laboratory of Hybrid Photonic Nanomaterials, which has been recently established in NRNU MEPhI, in the framework of the Russian Government program for support of research carried out under supervision of world's leading scientists in Russian institutions of higher education, and directed by Yuriy Rakovich, Professor at the University of the Basque Country and Donostia International Physics Center in San Sebastián (Spain).


Alyona Kosmyntseva, postgraduate student at the International Laboratory of Hybrid Photonic Nanomaterials, NRNU MEPhI (alyona130193@gmail.com)

Websites of the Rossiiskie Nanotekhnologii and Nanotechnologies in Russia:

http://www.nanorf.ru/; http://www.springer.com/materials/nanotechnology/journal/12201

© 2012 Laboratory of Nano-BioEngineering